ONLINE CITATION GUIDES
What Is Annoted Bibiliograhy?
Below are resources that will help you cite your sources for either a Bibliography or Works Cited page.
- NoodleTools–Everyone should have an account. Creates works cited page for you.
- Sample Works Cited Page with Notes–Explains proper formatting
- Sample Works Cited Page (Clean)–Works Cited page without explanations
- Sample Annotated Bibliography with Notes–Shows how to format Annotated Bibliography
- Bibliography Citation Examples and Templates–Allows you to copy and paste templates from Word document and fill in with the appropriate information
- Guidance on Creating Bibliography Citations–Models how to create citations if you don’t want to use NoodleTools
There are several ways or ‘styles’ to cite information. Generally speaking, Social and English use MLA and Science uses APA. If you are uncertain which style to use, ask your teacher.
Internet Detective (Effective Tutorial)
Internet Research: Finding and Evaluating Resources (Simon Fraser University)
Critical Evaluation of Internet Resources Checklist (University of Alberta)
Critical Evaluation of Internet Resources Additional Links (University of Alberta)
How to Evaluate Internet Resources (Memorial University Library)
IB Citation and References: Why and When
Why should I cite and reference my sources?
It is very important to cite and reference the sources you use when you do research. Citation and References not only show your readers where you got your information, but also give your essay the credibility and authority.
When should I cite and reference my sources?
4Note Taking Systems To Consider
How to: Cornell, Outlining, Mapping, Box & Bullet
Taking clear and effective notes is an important skill for all students, and essential for effective self-study, paper-writing and revision—but which method is best? We take a look at four popular note-taking systems and the differences between them:
This method not only makes note taking quicker and easier, it also serves as a great tool for memorizing and revising your notes efficiently.
Add a left-hand margin to your page (around a quarter section). Take notes in the larger section, leaving a gap between each point. After class, review your notes, adding a cue word in the left-hand margin for every significant bit of information. When revising, cover your notes and use the cue word as a memory aid. The aim is to be able to recall all the information that relates to the cue word.
Going forward, you can even use your cue words as a short-hand when taking notes, saving you from having to recopy the same information. These cue words will also make it easier to identify and pull out the concepts and ideas that you need for the task in hand.
Tip: You can also use a margin method to note your research sources. This will make creating in-text citations in apa style or mla style much easier. These notes will also help when creating an annotated bibliography at the end of your project.
This method uses indenting to group related points by relationship and importance.
List the main points closest to the left side of your page as headers. Then use indentations to order the related points underneath — with the more important points sitting closer to the left.
This method allows you to easily see related points and their importance, at a glance. However, it can be tricky to order your notes like this in a fast-paced lecture.
Mapping is great for those who like pen and paper/freehand note taking, as it uses a variety of graphic tools to link related points.
Use arrows to connect ideas to a central point. You can also use bullets, numbers and color-coding to develop a mapping system that works best for you. It makes it easy to show relationship and points can be covered over to test your memory.
The Box and Bullet Method is pretty straightforward and emphasizes main ideas and supporting evidence for those ideas.
A box is drawn for every main idea. Under each box are supporting points that are written next to bullet points.
For a clear idea of how this looks and is done, watch our video lesson linked here.
Research Tips & Videos
Developing a Research Topic
Developing Key words
Developing a Research Question
Why can’t I just Google? Tips
Boolean Search: AND OR NOT
Wikipedia for Research
Writing Ninjas: Thesis Statement
Model Signal Phrases
“In the words of researchers Long and Mckenzie”
“As Paul Rudnick has noted…”
“Melinda Stuart, mother of a drunk driver, points out…”
“…, writes Michelle Moore,…”
Verbs in Signal Phrases
How to write a Summary
Sources: Primary, Secondary and Tertiary
Evaluating websites with the 5Ws